Angola (/ænˈɡoʊlə/), officially the Republic of Angola, is a country on the west coast of Southern Africa. It is the 2nd largest Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country in both total area and population (behind Brazil), and is the 7th largest country in Africa. The population of Angola is 34,701,922 as of April 2022. The median age is 16.7 years.
At 1,246,700 km2 ,400 sq mi), Angola is the world’s 24th largest country. It borders Namibia to the south, Zambia to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west. The coastal exclave of Cabinda in the north has borders with the Republic of the Congo to the north and with the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south.
Angola had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 8.35/10, ranking it 23rd globally out of 172 countries.
Luanda (/luˈændə, -ˈɑːn-/) is the capital and largest city in Angola. It is Angola’s primary port, and its major industrial, cultural and urban center. It has a population of 8,952,496 as of April 2022.
The industries present in the city include the processing of agricultural products, beverage production, textile, cement, new car assembly plants, construction materials, plastics, metallurgy, cigarettes, and shoes. The city is also notable as an economic center for oil, and a refinery is located in the city.
Angola has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Age. It has vast mineral and petroleum reserves, and its economy is among the fastest-growing in the world. The standard of living remains low for most Angolans; life expectancy is among the lowest in the world, while infant mortality is among the highest.
Angola is multicultural and multiethnic. Angolan culture reflects centuries of Portuguese influence, namely the predominance of the Portuguese language and of the Catholic Church, intermingled with a variety of indigenous customs and traditions.